The History of Film

Sophie's Tips, Tips and Tricks, Video Highlights

jakob-owens-199505-unsplashHere at TV4Education, we have a lot of interest in film, and in particular, its development into a digital medium that all of us are so frequently exposed to today.

 

The development of film has had a significant impact upon the way we learn and our worldview, often forming the contextual backbone for much of our culture- either via immortalising historical moments or perpetuating them in the first place. Stop and consider for a moment just how many of our contemporary culture’s touchstones are either captured by, or initiated from, film (be it photography or the moving image).

 

Furthermore, we spend an immense amount of time in front of a screen- a 2017 study by Nielsen found that the average American household watches a collective 7 hours and 50 minutes of television per day (this doesn’t account for other screen-related activities, such as social media, utilising streaming services, YouTube, etc.). Australian statistics read fairly similarly- the quarterly review from Oztam found that the average Australian home now has 6.2 screens per household, the majority of which have internet capabilities, and as individuals, we spend approximately 26.4 days per annum watching television (again, this doesn’t account for screen-related activities outside of this).

 

The verdict is in, and like it or not, Western society as a whole is consuming vast quantities of visual and digital media everyday, with this only being on the rise. It stands to reason that with these rapid changes, the way that we learn and interact is changing too. Or perhaps it is merely being catered to better than ever before- according to Dr. Lynell Burmark, images are directly processed by our longterm memory, whereas words are filtered first by our short term memory, which only retains approximately 7 pieces of information. Additionally, 90% of information transmitted to the brain is visual, and is processed 60,000 times faster than text.

 

Visual and digital media is more accessible than ever before- the click of a button and you can access information or virtually any subject from all over the globe. But in proportion to how much time we collectively spend consuming visual media, we tend to know comparatively little about its origins.

 

Film has changed a huge amount since its arguable genesis in the 1890s. Prior to this there were a number of precursors to film- be it the camera obscura, magic lanterns, stroboscopic animation devices or even shadow puppetry. Humanity as a whole has always had a fascination with the moving image.

 

The oldest surviving film in existence is the Roundhay Garden Scene by Louis Le Prince, made in 1888. At first appearance this film seems somewhat insignificant- it is a mere 2 seconds long, monochromatic and silent. Nonetheless, it captures something that photography and portraiture alone can’t capture- kinetic movement. Though this initial example lacks narrative, that was soon to come, and kineticism was to be a powerful part of story telling and our absorption of visual information, giving audiences the ability to see the subject moving from place to place and not only within the pages of a book or a theatre stage.   

Initial films from this time period were seen as vaudeville entertainment, generally lasting under a minute and far more absorbed with the technology of the moving image than the story or information that image was attempting to convey- predominantly a novelty at this point. However, from there, film developed at a breakneck pace. In the span of a decade, cinema became a way to bring stage performances to the masses, in addition to travelogues, the latter of which catered beautifully to the Victorian fascination with exoticism. It wasn’t long before film was considered to be a medium in its own right, rather than a temporary curio, developing its own metalanguage of cinematography, with one of the first films with more than one shot being Robert W. Paul’s 1898 ‘Come Along, Do!’. And no surprise either- film clearly touched upon the power of visuals, something that was far more universal than a vocal language, though that too would come to be incorporated into the scope of cinema.

 

It wasn’t long before film turned from being a novelty to being considered serious business, with the first film-exclusive theatre, ‘The Nickelodeon’, opening in 1905. By 1910, film actors were being credited for their roles, and the films that they were starring in became increasingly longer, featuring narrative flow and character arcs.

 

In America, film companies quickly tried to find a unified base, initially splitting the year between Fort Lee and Jacksonville, before congregating to Hollywood by World War 1. By now there was a huge global influx for this noveau industry, with the United States, Italy Germany, France and Britain leading the way, in addition to smaller, less centralised film hubs such as Denmark and Russia.

 

Whilst the film industry was on the rise, the commencement and duration of World War 1 brought about a significant transition for the industry, with many companies and countries’ industries either collapsing entirely or vastly reducing their scale of production. This shift toppled the French and Italian monopoly as the the center of film production, with America / Hollywood coming to the forefront in their wake. By the 1920s, Hollywood was producing over 800 films per annum, over 80% of the total global film production. Additionally, going to the cinema was quickly becoming a weekly necessity, with approximately 50 million Americans attending every week. With the vast amounts of people coming to seem films every week, Hollywood began to create their own culture, implementing the ‘star system’ and garnering a huge amount of control over the public presentation and lives of their actors.

 

The development of the industry once again picked up in the post-war environment, with the first film with sound being released in 1927. Within two years, Hollywood had almost entirely shunned the silent film, and whilst the change was markedly slower in the rest of the world, the impact of sound was evident and the apparent immersion into film was nigh on complete. The inclusion of sound gave birth to the musical film in addition to the modern horror film, with the release of King Kong, Dracula and Frankenstein in the early 1930s. In addition to this, the invention of technicolour in 1916 positively revolutionised the industry, evident in multiple films from the period, such as the Wizard of Oz or America’s first animated feature, ‘Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.’

 

Much of this development happened in the lull between the post WW1 environment, with the industry shifting yet again in the 1940s- Britain once again gained a foothold on the industry via their influx of wartime propaganda films, with America following suit with films such as Casablanca (1942) and reflecting the disillusionment of the war via the cynicism of film noir, such as the Maltese Falcon (1941), Double Indemnity (1944) and The Big Sleep (1946).

 

Post World War 2 left no breathing room, with the Cold War commencing soon afterward. The threat of communism loomed large over the industry, with many members of the Hollywood film industry, including Charlie Chaplin and Dalton Trumbo, being blacklisted. Notably, this time period of the early 1950s was largely impacted by the commonplace introduction of the television into the home, with many film studios turning to satire or spectacle (as demonstrated by influx of 3D films and alien themed science fiction) the to keep audiences.

 

That is not to say that television toppled the film industry, far from it. However, the rise of screen time only catapulted from here, with the average American household watching nearly an hour and a half more television by 1959 than they did at the beginning of the decade. Couple that with the fact that Americans are now spending almost 24 hours per week online, with streaming service Netflix boasting over 137 million subscribers as of 2018, little over a decade after the company moved into online video streaming in 2007 and only being available worldwide since 2016. With this in mind, Netflix users had streamed over 42.5 billion hours of video via the service as of 2015, with their userbase currently spending over 100 million hours per day watching content. It seems that watching content has moved from being an event or outing to being an extension of our day to day lives, with accessibility and portability being the order of the day.

 

The way that we interact and learn has changed over the years, with our visual bias being catered to more and more as the years go by. Additionally, there is a growing expectation from consumers for a sense of immediacy with visual media, hence the requirement of portability- we want content that will fit into our lives, that we can access anywhere, anytime, on any device. As technology is viewed more and more as an extension of our day to day lives, it is a necessity that is just as flexible as we are.

 

Here at TV4Education, we endeavour to do just that- to provide you with great content that you can access 24/7, regardless of device or location. Because education should be easy, and TV4Education helps to achieve that.

 

Here’s a list of TV4Education resources in relation to this subject. If you use the SmartSuite version of TV4Education, just search for the titles below on your site:

TV4Education:  The Hollywood War

TV4Education: Looking for Truffaut

Tv4Education: The Story of Film- An Odyssey- The 1930s- The Great American Movie Genres (S01E04)

Curated YouTube: The History of Cutting- The Birth of Cinema and Continuity Editing

Curated YouTube: The History and Science of Color Film: From Isaac Newton to the Coen Brothers

Curated YouTube: The Changing Shape of Cinema: The History of Aspect Ratio

YouTube: Movies are Magic: Crash Course Film History #1

YouTube: The History of Cinema- Silent Era

Naidoc Week – 8th of July Songlines

Newsletters, SmartLessons

I’d like to begin by acknowledging the Boonwurrung People the Traditional Owners of the land on which this article was written today. I would also like to pay my respects to Elders past and present.

Why are song and dance an important part of the Australian Culture?

Being able to pass on information to the next generation is what a culture is made of. With the oldest continious culture of the world found right here in Australia, there is a lot of history. Whilst some was lost during colonisation there is still a rich and vibrant history kept alive and passed on through song and dance, the arts and the dreaming.

Today we will watch some songlines from a few of the over 500 nations that make up Australia.

Image result for Songlines - Footprints

The Marella (Emu Man) Songline is from the Djugan Country, which starts at Gantheaume Point in Broome, and travels through the Dampier Peninsular, crosses the sea to Kulumburru and on to Uluru.

Songlines – Footprints

Image result for Songlines - Naji

The Lurujarri Songline starts north of One Arm Point and travels 450 kilometers to the south of Bidyadanga, the exit place.

Songlines – Naji

Image result for Songlines - Bulunu Milkarri

This Manikay is sung traditionally by Djambarrpunu Clan. Milkarri is a sorrow Manikay (songline), is sung by women from this clan to cry about a longing for Ngurruyurrtjurr (homeland/clan).

Songlines – Bulunu Milkarri

 

Image result for Songlines - Tjawa Tjawa

The women travel from Roebourne in the Pilbara and move, in some cases underground, all the way through to Kiwikurra in the Great Sandy Desert far to the south of Balgo, where they split up, some heading east and some north.

The women are searching for men to take as husbands.

Songlines – Tjawa Tjawa

Musicians, those who compose your emotions

SmartLessons

Are you a horror movie fan?

I remember being at home alone once after my parents had told me I could not watch the movie poltergeist. But in my young mind I thought, i’m tough. It won’t scare me!

It came to 9pm and it started.

The name flashed up on the screen

papa poltergeist GIF

and there was a power cut in my house!

Yes! Home alone.

After watching the opening credits of a movie my parents told me not to and now the house is dark and even scarier.

terrified GIF

I am 29 now and still haven’t watched the movie. I don’t think I ever will.

What makes movies so scary? The imagery is part of it. But there is something that gets under our skin. Raises our heartbeat. Makes our hair stand on end.

Dark Running GIF

But how does the background music change how we feel about a scene?

Score is a Documentary about the composers behind some of the most memorable moments in TV and Movie history.

Here are a few scenes with and without music.

Seems almost silly right?

SCORE: A Film Music Documentary

cce4b0_8c84c97dcbf54c80bd27ff58ed8b9d84_mv2 (1).jpg

A look at the cinematic art of the film musical score, and the artists who create them.

giphy (78)

 

The cost of doing business!

Uncategorized

I have been in business for more than 28 years and nothing surprises me anymore.

I was just blackmailed by a customer (the principal of a Christian school to be exact) to comply with his requirements or he would go to his association list of principals and essentially dirty our company and our product name!

A very easy choice for us. We cancelled his service immediately and refuse to have any further dealings with him, his staff or his school.

Will it hurt us commercially?

I really don’t know? Unfortunately, you cannot control what people say or do. Unfortunately, if he proceeds down his intended blackmail path, we will not know and neither will we be afforded the right of reply.

The take away I have from this unfortunate saga is I will sleep well tonight knowing my staff respect me; and that matters a lot!

The World Cup – A case study for inclusion

Video Highlights

Being born in England, every four years we would get our hopes up that his might be the time we win it.

Image result for england football fans

We have some of the world’s largest and most expensive football clubs but why did we always lose?

Why is the World Cup important?

It brings us all together.

It makes us laugh!

It makes us cry

You get around a team and you instantly become part of a tribe, a family.

You hug strangers, you share in joy or disappointment and for that brief time, you are all one.

In total, 97 foreign-born players competed for the 32 countries (shown here) that qualified for the 2018 World Cup.

ngm-1807-soccer-datasheet_ai2html-desktop-medium.png

When we have foreign players do amazing things for our national team everyone accepts them as one of us. There is no “insert descriptive word”.

You can catch all the preliminary matches on TV4Education.

Who are you going for?

Dunkirk – Life or Death on the beaches

SmartLessons, Video Highlights

maxresdefault-1

DUNKIRK HD (2017)

The Battle of Dunkirk was a military operation that took place in Dunkirk (Dunkerque), France, during the Second World War. The battle was fought between the Allies and Nazi Germany. As part of the Battle of France on the Western Front, the Battle of Dunkirk was the defense and evacuation to Britain of British and other Allied forces in Europe from 26 May to 4 June 1940.

What was it like on the beach?

The German Dive-Bombers had sirens on them to spread terror.

They dropped leaflets letting the soldiers know that they were surrounded.

Image result for dunkirk leaflets

The beach was too shallow for their troop transport ships to land so hundreds of small boats had to pick them up.

Image result for small boats at dunkirk

We learn more about this battle which could have ended the war for the allies.

Image result for Dunkirk The New Evidence.MP4

Dunkirk The New Evidence

Image result for The dunkirk story

The Dunkirk Story

 

 

Metropolis (1927)

SmartLessons, Sophie's Tips, Tips and Tricks, Video Highlights

timothy-eberly-382663-unsplashFritz Lang’s 1927 film Metropolis was ground breaking in many ways. At the time, it was the most expensive German film ever made, costing over 5 million reichsmarks and taking 17 months to film, nearly financially capsizing the production studio, UFA. As one of the first feature length science fiction films ever made, Metropolis is an expansive story that is renowned even today for its extravagant scenery, art direction, cinematography and utilisation of German expressionist techniques. At its original run time of 153 minutes, it was one of the longest films made, contributing to its initial financial failure, as it required over four kilometres of film to run it, a weighty investment for any theatre. With the science fiction genre as we know it today still largely being defined in this era (Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, often considered the first work of science fiction, was published in 1818), it was a difficult film to categorise and advertise. Indeed, an advertisement from New Zealand reads ‘See it! Try to describe it!’ Nonetheless, it has since become recognised as a highly influential film, becoming the first film to be inscribed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register in 2001, and is widely studied in schools today for both its historical context as part of the Weimar Republic, an example of early science fiction, German Expressionism and the utilisation of the silent film genre.

The film was accompanied by a novelisation, published in 1925 by director Fritz Lang’s then-wife and credited screenwriter, Thea von Harbou. However, it was the film that really made an impact, with many praising its technical prowess whilst simultaneously lambasting it as being overlong and overwrought. Mordaunt Hall of the New York Times called it “a technical marvel with feet of clay”, whilst renowned sci-fi author H.G Wells criticised the film as being rampant with “foolishness, cliché, platitude and muddlement about mechanical progress and progress in general.” Regardless of these criticisms, Metropolis has undoubtedly had an impact upon contemporary science fiction, with as film critic Roger Ebert stated “from this film in various ways, descended not only ‘Dark City’, but ‘Blade Runner’, ‘The Fifth Element’, ‘Alphaville’, Escape From L.A’, ‘Gattaca’ and Batman’s Gotham City… Rotwang created the visual look of mad scientists for decades to come, especially after it was mirrored in ‘The Bride of Frankenstein’… the device of the ‘false Maria’… inspired the ‘Replicants’ of ‘Blade Runner.’” It was one of the first examples of the dystopia / utopia theme in science fiction, something that has continued to be explored (e.g.: 1984, Brave New World, Never Let Me Go, The Matrix, etc.) and has seen a resurgence in recent years.

The film’s most famous quote, “the mediator between head and hands must be the heart” reverberates throughout the entire film, with Metropolis demonstrating a schism between the upper and lower classes. In this case it is literal, with the lower classes living underground and the upper classes living amongst the sprawling excess of the city, overshadowed by their monolithic buildings, which are a combination of the grandeur of Greco-Roman architecture and luxe, geometric (harking back to the streamlined appearance of machines) Art Deco. Indeed, the sets appear to dwarf the actors, with the machines and the structures taking visual precedence. This is exemplified when Freder imagines one of the machines as Moloch, a Canaanite god / idol that required child sacrifice that is referenced in Leviticus. This precedence of machines is rectified by the end of the film, but this also highlights Lang’s propensity for biblical allusions throughout the film- the tower of Babel, the idolatress of Babylon and the beast with seven heads, Maria as a virtuous Mary figure preaching to the workers, Freder as a Christlike mediator between above and below, the gardens as a reference to Eden, etc. This lends the story gravity and also helped in creating a grounding point for the audience, references that they were familiar with amongst the fantastical landscape Lang presented.

Metropolis was released during the ‘golden era’ of the Weimar Republic, a brief period of stability and prosperity in Germany, prior to World War II. With a permanent currency implemented in 1923 and the Dawes Plan in 1924, it sparked a cultural renaissance, born in the wake of World War I, the immense hyperinflation and the influence of the cultural development in the Soviet Union. Innovations in German cinema, literature, architecture (particularly Bauhaus), film, art and theatre came to the forefront, with a fascination with the ‘ultramodern’ in addition to the mediums of cabaret and jazz and an overall differentiation from more traditional German values- an influence that is certainly explored in Metropolis. There was a certain contention between the pull of traditional values versus the influence of globalisation and the influx of other cultures, particularly America (via American films and fashion), with Americanisation progressing largely due to the Dawes Plan.

German Expressionism was at its peak during this time, with Metropolis being a prime example. It was more concerned with the evocation of a particular mood and aimed to show a highly subjective view of the world, as compared to the strict realism and somewhat detached perspective of art and film previously. This internal perspective was highly effective and necessary in silent film, given the absence of audible dialogue. This was characterised by evocative lighting (particularly via chiaroscuro, obviously highlighting certain objects / characters and casting others in shadow) and utilising different camera angles and perspectives. In the post World War I environment, there was an increased fascination with the human psyche, madness and the question of identity, as life as most people knew it had been irrevocably shifted.

Metropolis is a highly influential film that is broadly studied today. Whether you are exclusively studying the film or the Weimar Republic, 20th century Germany, the development of silent film or the consolidation of the science fiction genre, it is an important piece of culture that is still highly relevant.

Here’s a list of TV4Education resources in relation to this subject. If you use the SmartSuite version of TV4Education, just search for the titles below on your site:

Metropolis (Movie 1927)

German Expressionism: Crash Course Film History #7

Fritz Lang Interviewed by William Friedkin (1974)

The Silent Era: Crash Course Film History #9

The History of Cinema- Silent Era

BBC Paul Mertons Weird and Wonderful World of Early Cinema

Generation War (Part One)

Dawes Plan

Ten Minute History- The Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany (Short Documentary)

The Great Depression: Crash Course US History #33

 

 

The #mprraccoon – Empathy

Newsletters

Today the world heard about a raccoon who decided to climb up rather than down a very tall building. It caused many people to fear for the safety of an animal sometimes called a pest.

Image result for mpr raccoon

Before we get into the topic of empathy here are some great videos of Raccoons to show you a bit more about them.

What is Empathy?

The ability to understand and share the feelings of another. Not many have scaled a building, but we all know how scared this cute animal must be. You can see it in his face.

Image result for mpr raccoon

No Cover Found

The Mindfulness Tool Kit – Empathy (s01e02)

What is Empathy and how can we use our brains to practice it? It’s called ‘Prefrontal Power!’ and it helps us to see life from someone else’s perspective.

No Cover Found

Ethics Matters – Consequences

Interviewees Peter Singer and Caroline West explore consequentialism and ask would you, could you kill to save others?

No Cover Found

Ethics Matters – Animals

Interviewees Peter Singer, Bronwyn Finnigan and Julian Savulescu ask if animals have the same interests as humans and how we should ethically treat them.

No Cover Found

Behind The News Specials – Animal Ethics

This BtN Special looks at the moral issues around keeping animals. Should tourists be riding elephants and patting tigers if the animals aren’t being treated well? And should pets only come from certain breeders and not pet shops?


We hope the MPR Raccoon gets back down safely and enjoys the rest of his natural life.

Designing a productive garden (Science year 4 & 5)

SmartLessons, Video Highlights

Curriculum Code:

Living things, including plants and animals, depend on each other and the environment to survive (ACSSU073)

Scientific knowledge is used to inform personal and community decisions (ACSHE217)

Aim:

Increase students design and scientific skills as they design a school yard productive garden.

Preparing:

– Discuss the students understanding of a ‘productive garden’. What is a productive garden? How can we create one? When thinking about a garden and its crops what do we need to consider.
– Use the IWB link to help make a list of these concerns.

Link: Growing A Productive Garden

Presenting:

Search TV4Education for “Gardening Australia ACSSU073” and watch clip from 13:54 till 19:05.

– Discuss the issues that were brought up about the need for a community garden.

Add them to the list created above in ‘Growing a productive garden’.

Applying:

– Help place students into pairs and set them the task of designing their own productive garden. Students will need to show its size and the different types of plants and animals they will include.

– Draw the garden and surrounding buildings, walkways and water in order to show it’s area in the school.

– They will also need to be able to instruct others how their garden is productive.

This lesson could be a great lead up to a science project, using research tools students would be able to design and justify the reasons for their garden design and choice of animals and plants.

*Links:

Growing a Productive garden doc.

TV4Education Video Learning Lessons

Saving Energy (Science Year 1,2 & 3)

SmartLessons, Video Highlights

Curriculum Code:

Light and sound are produced by a range of sources and can be sensed (ACSSU020) People use science in their daily lives, including when caring for their environment and living things (ACSHE022) People use science in their daily lives, including when caring for their environment and living things (ACSHE035)
Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions (ACSHE051)

Aim:

Students develop understanding of energy and how to save energy.

Preparing:

– Ask students about energy, what gives us energy?
– Sing a song or dance of high energy which will show good instructions on how to use up energy.
– Once complete ask students how they feel? Did you feel this way before we sung or danced?
– Explain energy, what uses it, how we use it? How we need to save it etc.
– Listen to the story ‘The Day Amy saved the World’ and then discuss what she did to save energy.

Presenting:

– Have students look at different energy uses around the home. Have students make a list of different items in the house that use energy. Open up the link below and look at the different items in Amy’s house that uses energy.
– Link: Amy’s Energy saving website. (Click on Amy’s House)
– Watch Eco Maths Clip – http://www.tv4education.com/SmartLibrary/SmartLibraryWeb/TitleView.html?BookID=151132.01

Applying:

– Have students use the link below to draw different items in their house that uses energy. Talk about ways we can reduce the energy used at home.
– Have students place this into their science books.
– Link: We can Save Energy

Links:

‘The Day Amy saved the World’
http://www.amysenergysave.com.au/storybook/index.html#/the-day- amy-helped- save-the- world
Amy’s Energy saving website.
http://www.amysenergysave.com.au/index.html
We can Save Energy doc.

PROGRAMS FOR #WORLDENVIRONMENTDAY

Atom Studyguides, SmartLessons

World Environment Day occurs on the 5th of June every year, and is the United Nation’s principal vehicle for encouraging awareness and action for the protection of our environment.

Image result for #WorldEnvironmentDay

Do you wonder if you’re making a difference? Do you make sure you put your recyclables in the right place? Do you cycle to work? Or drive a hybrid?

I wonder if my choices make a difference, I recycle what I can, try to buy foods with less packaging and clothes that are made from the greenest fibers.

But can I just 1 in 7 billion make a difference?

Image result for one in a crowd

With veganism on the rise, ethical businesses booming and the shift to renewables is really changing the world. Will they be enough?

Here are a few programs that have been requested by Australian teachers for their content to start a conversation about the environment and how we can individually and collectively make a difference.

Sonic Sea

Oceans are a sonic symphony. Sound is essential to the survival and prosperity of marine life. But man-made ocean noise is threatening this fragile world.

Sonic Sea is about protecting life in our waters from the destructive effects of oceanic noise pollution.

Watch the full documentary here

Parched

Water is so essential to life that we cannot survive without it for more than three days. But its limited. On Earth, only 3% of our water is fresh, with less than 1% available for human use. The other 2% is locked inside the Poles. Today, with over a billion people lacking access to clean drinking water, we are finally being forced to confront a stark reality: a future where, in many parts of the world, fresh water is scarce, expensive, and out of our hands. PARCHED is a feature documentary and four episodes that takes a character-driven and investigative approach to find out who really controls water in this country — and in the world.

Watch all 4 Episodes here

Years of Living Dangerously

This Emmy-winning series follows celebrity correspondents around the world, to witness first-hand the effects of climate change on our planet and to learn how we can save it for future generations.

2 seasons available on TV4Education here

Before the Flood (2016)

A look at how climate change affects our environment and what society can do to prevent the demise of endangered species, ecosystems and native communities across the planet.

Watch it now on TV4Education

Food Inc (2009)

An unflattering look inside America’s corporate controlled food industry.

Watch it now on TV4Education

Waste Land (2010)

Waste Land” is an award winning documentary by director Lucy Walker – An uplifting feature documentary highlighting the transformative power of art and the beauty of the human spirit. Top-selling contemporary artist Vik Muniz takes us on an emotional journey from Jardim Gramacho, the world’s largest landfill on the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro, to the heights of international art stardom. Vik collaborates with the brilliant catadores, pickers of recyclable materials, true Shakespearean characters who live and work in the garbage quoting Machiavelli and showing us how to recycle ourselves.

Watch it now on TV4Education

The Age of Consequences

‘The Hurt Locker’ meets ‘An Inconvenient Truth’, THE AGE OF CONSEQUENCES investigates the impacts of climate change on increased resource scarcity, migration, and conflict through the lens of US national security and global stability.

Watch it now on TV4Education

Follow the shocking, yet humorous, journey of an aspiring environmentalist, as he daringly seeks to find the real solution to the most pressing environmental issues and true path to sustainability.

Happy Horticulturalists – School Garden 101

SmartLessons

Does your school have its own vege garden?

Here are a few ideas on how to build one or how to add to your current garden.

Image result for school garden

Design

Indoor:

Plants you can grow in your classroom

Years 1 – 3

Cress Head

Related image

Spring Onions

Image result for spring onion grow in water

Simply cut the spring onions a few cms from the end and put them into either water or soil. This example used old toilet rolls.

Outdoor:

Recyclable materials

Image result for sweet pea grown in plastic bottle

Ecomaths – Recycling Start clip at 6:20

In this episode, Stefan visits a vast recycling plant to explore how 2-D and 3-D shapes are used to sort and reuse rubbish, and visits a school that uses recycled objects in many different ways.

Image result for snail farm

Ecomaths – Snail VS Lamb

Will Snails be coming to a dinner plate near you in the future?

What is the future of agriculture?

Image result for FOOD UNWRAPPED SPECIALS meat

Food Unwrapped Specials – Meat

Image result for drought resistant crops

Horizon – Hungry Challenge

How do you fight hunger in the 21st Century? Horizons looks at the importance of drought-tolerant crops and the need to combat food insecurity in the developing and developed world. It also examines the need to clean up our oceans and manage our agriculture in a smarter way.

Can we look to the past to learn about sustainability in the future?

Nawarla-Gabarnmang-56a022fb5f9b58eba4af2032.jpg

First Footprints

9,000 years ago people in Australia were learning to manipulate available plants and animals to increase food resources. They transformed an entire continent into a fully sustainable estate, until outsiders arrived

Do you enjoy our blog posts? Leave a comment below with a topic you would like to have made into a lesson and we will make it for you.